The Golub Capital Middle Market Report is the first and only report based on the actual performance of private middle market companies. Issued in advance of public company earnings season, the report is a unique source of timely information for investors and market analysts.
Lawrence E. Golub, CEO of Golub Capital, and Dr. Edward I. Altman, Professor of Finance at New York University’s Stern School of Business, are pleased to present the Golub Capital Altman Index.
Earnings in the U.S. Middle Market Continue to Boom Compared to Strong, Pre‑Covid Q4 2019 Results
GOLUB CAPITAL ALTMAN INDEX COMPARISON PRE- AND POST-COVID October–November 2021 vs. October–November 2019
Source: Golub Capital Internal Data.
This table reflects a two-year growth period.
Middle market private companies in the Golub Capital Altman Index experienced EBITDA growth of 22% and revenue growth of 21% in October and November 2021 compared to their October and November 2019 earnings and revenue. The data in this report reflects the median performance of approximately 100 companies that were in the Golub Capital Altman Index in both periods. The comparison over a two-year period is intended to provide greater insight than the report’s typical year-over-year analysis, given the impact of COVID-related lockdowns throughout much of 2020.
“Boomflation continued in Q4,” said Lawrence E. Golub, CEO of Golub Capital. “For the third consecutive quarter, median revenue and EBITDA grew by more than 20% compared to the same period in 2019, pre-Covid. That said, many industrial companies could not meet demand, and the missed operating leverage allowed increased labor and material costs to compress margins. With Omicron, 2022 will reveal which private equity backed companies fixed their 2020 Covid-related problems permanently and which just kicked the can down the road and will now face hard times.”
Dr. Edward I. Altman said, “The Consumer and Tech sectors were once again the standout performers, posting revenue and EBITDA growth in excess of 30% compared to the same period in 2019, while expanding profit margins. Looking ahead, Omicron seems likely to drive dispersion in company performance based on industry as well as geography. Businesses that sell intangible goods and services, like software companies, will have an easier time than those that rely on physical goods and in-person interactions.”
The Golub Capital Altman Index (“GCAI”), which is produced by Golub Capital in collaboration with renowned credit expert Dr. Edward I. Altman, is the first and longest-running index based on actual revenue and earnings (defined as earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, or “EBITDA”) for middle market companies. It measures the median revenue and earnings growth of more than 150 private U.S. companies in the loan portfolio of Golub Capital, a leading middle market lender.
Reported shortly before public company quarterly earnings season, the GCAI has served as a reliable indicator of the overall growth rates in revenue and earnings of public companies in market indexes such as the S&P 500 and S&P SmallCap 600 (“S&P 600”), as well as quarterly Gross Domestic Product (“GDP”), according to statistical back-testing dating back to 2012, when data began to be tracked.
The size and diversity of the Golub Capital loan portfolio ensure that the confidentiality of all company-specific information used in the index is maintained in both the aggregate and industry segment data.
We believe the results (1) are representative of the general performance of middle market companies, which are a major contributor to U.S. private sector employment; (2) can be easily compared to the performance of the public companies that make up major stock indexes; (3) are relevant to the aggregate economic performance of the U.S. economy and (4) provide timely information for the investment community.
The companies in the GCAI operate in a wide range of industries. Results are provided for the total universe of GCAI constituents and by industry segment. Given the index’s limited exposure to Financials, Utilities, Energy and Materials, comparisons are made to the S&P 500 and S&P 600 as well as to “adjusted” versions of those indexes that exclude the aforementioned sectors.
About Golub Capital
Golub Capital is a market-leading, award-winning direct lender and credit asset manager, with over $45 billion of capital under management. We specialize in delivering reliable, creative and compelling financing solutions to companies backed by private equity sponsors. The firm’s sponsor finance expertise also forms the foundation of our Late Stage Lending, Broadly Syndicated Loan and Credit Opportunities investment programs. Across our activities, Golub Capital nurtures long-term, win-win partnerships that inspire repeat business from private equity sponsors and investors. Founded over 25 years ago, Golub Capital today has over 600 employees and lending offices in Chicago, New York, San Francisco and London.
About Dr. Edward I. Altman
A leading expert on credit markets, Dr. Edward I. Altman is the Max L. Heine Professor of Finance, Emeritus at the NYU Stern School of Business, and Director of Research in Credit and Debt Markets at the NYU Salomon Center for the Study of Financial Institutions. He is currently an advisor to several foreign central banks. Professor Altman has published or edited two-dozen books and over 150 articles in scholarly finance, accounting and economic journals. He has been inducted into the Fixed Income Analysts Society Hall of Fame, served as President of the Financial Management Association, was an FMA Fellow, and was amongst the inaugural inductees into the Turnaround Management Association Hall of Fame. He received his MBA and Ph.D. in Finance from the University of California, Los Angeles.
Appendix: GCAI Revenue and Earnings Growth
Year-Over-Year (“YoY”) Growth
Key Sectors Q4 2021 (YoY)
Revenue Growth (Quarterly YoY)
Earnings Growth (Quarterly YoY)
Revenue Growth (Quarterly YoY) GCAI vs. Adj. Indexes
Earnings Growth (Quarterly YoY) GCAI vs. Adj. Indexes
Appendix: GCAI Results by Sector
Additional information can be found below regarding sector trends in the Golub Capital Altman Index.
The Golub Capital Altman Index is provided as an indicator only, and does not constitute investment advice or the offer to sell or a solicitation to buy any security. Some of these statements constitute forward-looking statements, which may be predictions about future events, future performance, or future financial conditions. Some of these statements reflect opinions based upon the data presented in the Index, and these opinions may be incorrect. Actual results could vary materially from those implied or expressed in such forward-looking statements for any reason. The Golub Capital Altman Index has been created on the basis of information provided by third-party sources that are believed to be reliable, but the information has not been verified independently by Golub Capital. Golub Capital makes no warranty or representation as to the accuracy or completeness of such third-party information.
The Golub Capital Altman Index measures the actual revenue and EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization) growth of US middle market private companies for the first two months of each calendar quarter and provides insight into anticipated quarterly performance of US public companies. The index is based on aggregated data from approximately 150 companies in the loan portfolio of Golub Capital, a leading middle market lender.
Reported shortly before public company earnings season, the performance of the Golub Capital Altman Index has been highly correlated with the median growth rates in revenue and EBITDA of the companies in the S&P 500, S&P SmallCap 600, and Russell 2000 indexes, as well as quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP), since data began to be tracked in 2012.
For a white paper detailing the methodology behind the Golub Capital Altman Index, please click the download button.